" Now, O
I do remind you, all component things are subject to decay. Work for your
salvation in the earnest".
Above is the
last sermon Buddha preached in 543 BC when he arrived at Kushinagar. Three
months earlier at Vaishali (Bihar) on the day of 'Magh Purnima', he declared
his death & destined to exhale the last breath at Kushinagar. The cremation
was done at 'Mukut Bandhan' (Rambhar) where 'Mallas` constructed a big
stupa over the ashes. Later, Ashoka, the Great, renovated it. The Chineese
travelers Fa Hien & Hieun Tsang have mentioned "Kushinara" in their Travel
Memo. Kushinara continued to be living-city till the 12th century A.D.
& was thereafter lost into oblivion. After extensive excavations main
stupa was exposed in 1876 AD. In addition a 6.10 m long statue of reclining
Buddha was discovered. Ven. Chandra Swami a Burmeese Monk, came to India
in 1903 and made Mahaparinivana Temple into a living shrine.